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animals, attitudes to  

Richard Sorabji

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
This was the subject of a huge debate among the philosophers. Already in the 6th and 5th cents. bce*Pythagoras (1) and *Empedocles had attacked the killing or maltreatment of animals, partly on the ... More

Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius, Stoic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician whose pupils included *Lucan and *Persius (who honoured him in Sat. 5, and whose Satires he reportedly revised after the ... More

Anniceris, philosopher of the Cyrenaic school, 4th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
He, *Hegesias (1), and Theodorus ‘the godless’ became leaders of three divergent branches of the school, his own originality consisting, so far as we know, in stressing the importance of the ... More

Antiochus (11), of Ascalon, Academic philosopher, b. c. 130 BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
(see academy) Antiochus studied under *Philon (3) of Larissa, but later founded his own school. He joined L. *Licinius Lucullus (2) on a mission to *Alexandria (1) and the eastern provinces in 87/6. ... More

Antipater (2), of Tarsus, Greek Stoic philosopher, 2nd cent. BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antipater (2), Stoic, succeeded *Diogenes (3) of Babylon as head of the Stoa at Athens, and taught *Panaetius. His basic positions differed little from those of *Chrysippus, apart from his definition ... More

Antipater (4), of Tyre, Greek Stoic philosopher, 1st cent. BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy

Antipater (4), who introduced *Cato (Uticensis) to Stoic philosophy, died shortly before 44 bce. He wrote on physical, metaphysical, and ethical issues.

Antiphon (2), Sophist, 5th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antiphon (2), of Athens (5th. cent. bce), *sophist. Scholars are divided on whether he was identical with the orator (see antiphon (1)). Works attributed to him include Concord and Truth; ... More

Antisthenes (1), Greek teacher, mid-5th cent.–mid-4th cent. BCE  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Antisthenes (1) (mid-5th–mid-4th cent. bce), associate of *Socrates, one of those named by *Plato (1) as having been present at his final conversation. A professional teacher, he continued the ... More

Antisthenes (2), of Rhodes, Greek historian and Peripatetic philosopher, early 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antisthenes (2), of *Rhodes (fl. early 2nd cent. bce), wrote a history, perhaps of Rhodes, down to his own time (used by *Polybius (1) via *Zeno (4)). He is probably the Peripatetic philosopher who ... More

Anytus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anytus, a wealthy Athenian and democratic leader, best known as a prosecutor of *Socrates (399 bce). As general in 409, he failed to prevent the loss of *Pylos (Ath. pol. 27. 5); at his trial he ... More

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