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Antyllus  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antyllus, 2nd cent. ce, physician, one of the *Pneumatists. He lived after *Archigenes, probably after Galen, and wrote treatises on *surgery, *dietetics, and therapeutics, none of which survives. ... More

Apollinarius  

G. J. Toomer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollinarius, astronomer (fl. ?1st cent. ce). From references in *Galen, *Vettius Valens, and others, he appears to have been one of the most important figures in Greek *astronomy between *Hipparchus ... More

Apollodorus (4), of Alexandria, Greek author, 3rd cent. BCE  

John Scarborough

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollodorus (4), of Alexandria (1), physician and zoologist of the beginning of the 3rd cent. bce. His major work, On Poisonous Animals, was a source for pharmacologists and toxicologists in later ... More

Apollonius (10) Mys  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (10) Mys (fl. later 1st cent. bce?), Alexandrian physician of the ‘school’ of *Herophilus. Numerous fragments of his influential Εὐπόριστα (‘Common Remedies’), Unguents, and The ... More

Apollonius (2), of Perge, Greek mathematician, fl. 200 BCE  

G. J. Toomer and Reviel Netz

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (2), of *Perge, mathematician (fl. 200 bce). Born at Perge in Pamphylia, he composed the first version, in eight books, of his Conics in *Alexandria (1) ‘somewhat too hurriedly’ (Conics . ... More

Apollonius (3), chief minister of Ptolemy (1), 3rd cent. BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (3) (3rd cent. bce) served *Ptolemy (1) II as chief minister (dioikētēs) in Egypt and is best known as holder of a 10,000-aroura (2,750-ha: 6,800-acre) crown-gift estate near ... More

Apollonius (8), of Citium, Alexandrian physician, c. 90–15 BCE?  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (8), of Citium (c. 90–15 bce?), Alexandrian physician. Extant in an illustrated 10th-cent. manuscript, his commentary on the Hippocratic (see hippocrates (2)) treatise ... More

Aratus (1), poet, c. 315–before 240 BCE  

G. J. Toomer and Alexander Jones

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Born at Soloi in Cilicia, he was taught by the grammarian *Menecrates (2) of Ephesus, and studied at Athens, where he probably first became acquainted with *Callimachus (3) and the philosophers ... More

arboriculture  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tree cultivation. In the first millennium bce there was a remarkable expansion of fruit-tree cultivation in the Mediterranean from east to west. The productivity of Mediterranean *agriculture was ... More

Archigenes  

William David Ross and V. Nutton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archigenes, of Apamea in Syria, pupil of *Agathinus; well-known physician at Rome in the time of Trajan (98–117 ce). He was an eclectic, but was chiefly influenced by the doctrines of the Pneumatic ... More

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