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Indo-European and Indo-Europeans  

A. Sherratt and S. Sherratt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
For the last 200 years it has been recognized that languages such as Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit share regularities which indicate a close historical relationship (see linguistics, ... More

Italy, languages of  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
After the introduction of the *alphabet by the Greeks in the 8th cent. bce and its adoption by the native peoples, *literacy gradually spread throughout Italy. Epigraphic remains (see epigraphy) then ... More

Latin language  

Robert G. Coleman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
Latin belongs to the Italic group of *Indo-European (IE) languages, see Italy, Languages of, which includes Faliscan (see faliscans), Umbrian, and Oscan (see Sabellic Languages). It was originally ... More

linguistics  

D. R. Langslow

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
In its broader sense, linguistics denotes the scientific study of all aspects of language in all forms (including human sign-language and animal communication), whether in isolation or in any of a ... More

linguistics, ancient  

R. H. Robins

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
1. Linguistics, as understood and practised today, arose in western antiquity from two rather different sources: philosophical debate on the origin and nature of language, and the practical ... More

linguistics, historical and comparative (Indo-European)  

Oswald John Louis Szmerenyi and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Historical linguistics studies how language develops in time; comparative linguistics (or comparative philology) uses linguistic comparison to establish that two or more languages are ... More

Luwian  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Is a branch of the Anatolian family of Indo-European languages. The Hittite archives include clay tablets with rituals written in the so called cuneiform Luwian; the texts date from the 16th to the ... More

Lycian language  

H. C. Melchert

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The Lycian language is documented in somewhat fewer than 200 inscriptions on stone and in several dozen very short imprints on coins, the latter consisting only of personal and place names, often ... More

Lydian language  

H. C. Melchert

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Evidence for the Lydian language consists of more than 100 inscriptions, mostly discovered at the site of the ancient capital *Sardis. Only some two dozen of these are long enough and ... More

Macedonian language  

Olivier Masson and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The problem of the nature and origin of the Macedonian language is still disputed by modern scholars, but does not seem to have been raised among the ancients. We have a rare adverb μακεδονιστί ... More

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