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Galilee  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Galilee first appears as the name of the northern part of Palestine, east of the Jordan, in 1 Maccabees (see maccabees). When it was still largely Gentile territory, Simon the Hasmonean (see ... More

Gessius Florus  

Howard Hayes Scullard

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Roman knight from Clazomenae, married Cleopatra, a friend of *Poppaea Sabina, and thus gained the favour of *Nero who in 64 ce appointed him *procurator of *Judaea which Gessius proceeded ... More

God-fearers (theosebeis)  

Pieter W. van der Horst

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In ancient literature (both Graeco-Roman and Jewish and Christian) as well as in epigraphic material (mainly Jewish), one finds references to persons or groups variously called theosebeis, sebomenoi, ... More

Hasmoneans  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
A family of Jewish high priests and kings, descended from Mattathias, the father of Judas Maccabaeus (see maccabees). Prominent between 165 and 37 bce, they ruled *Judaea between 142 and 63, creating ... More

Heracleopolis, Jewish politeuma  

Patrick Sänger

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
There existed, under the Ptolemaic kings of Egypt, an institution, or association, called a politeuma (“polity”). Usually the word politeuma is related to Greek city states or poleis. In this context ... More

Herod (1) the Great, c. 73–4 BCE  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Herod (1) the Great (c. 73–4 bce), son of the Idumaean *Antipater(6), was through him made governor of Galilee in 47 bce and then, with his brother, designated tetrarch (see tetrarchy) by M. ... More

Herod (2) Antipas  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Herod (2) Antipas, following the will left by his father *Herod(1), was appointed by Augustus tetrarch of Galilee (where he rebuilt the city of Sepphoris and founded *Tiberias) and of Peraea, a ... More

Ḥimyar, kingdom of  

Yosef Yuval Tobi

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The beginning of the Ḥimyari kingdom is reckoned at 110 bce, when the tribe of Ḥimyar split off from the Qatabān kingdom in the western Ḥaḍramawt, located in the southern Arabian ... More

Idumaea  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Idumaea, the lowland hill-country of southern *Judaea, was settled by the Edomites between the 8th and 6th cents. bce as a result of the *Nabataean Arab occupation of biblical Edom. Idumaea was ... More

Iulius Agrippa (1) I, Marcus, client king of Judaea, 10 BCE–44 CE  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Marcus Iulius Agrippa (1) I, (10 bce– 44 ce), called ‘Herod’ in the Acts of the Apostles but ‘Agrippa’ on his coins. A grandson of *Herod(1) the Great and eventually ruler of his former kingdom. He ... More

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