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  • Greek Material Culture: Classical and Hellenistic x
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Arcesilaus (2), Greek sculptor, 1st cent. BCE  

Thomas Bertram Lonsdale Webster and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Successful Greek sculptor working in Rome, friend of L. *Licinius Lucullus (2), highly regarded by *Varro. His major public commission was the statue of *Venus Genetrix for the temple dedicated by ... More

archaeology, classical  

A. M. Snodgrass

Classical archaeology properly the study of the whole material culture of ancient Greece and Rome, is often understood in a somewhat narrower sense. *Epigraphy, the study of inscriptions ... More

archaeology, underwater  

A. J. Parker

The potential richness of the sea for salvage or accidental finding of sunken valuables was recognized from earliest times, but the possibility of defining meaningful groups of wrecked material or of ... More

Archermus  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
6th-cent. Chiot sculptor (see chios). According to Pliny, HN 36. 11–14, son of Micciades, grandson of Melas, and father of Bupalus and Athenis (fl. 540–537 bce), all sculptors; worked on *Delos and ... More

archers, Greek and Hellenistic  

John F. Lazenby

Archaeological evidence shows that both the ‘self’ (i.e. made of one piece) and the ‘composite’ bow were known to bronze age Greece, and the considerable quantities of arrow-heads—flint, obsidian, ... More

architects  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

The names of architects are preserved in literary sources as well as inscriptions. Theodorus, architect of the temple of Asclepius at *Epidaurus, is paid at only double the level of the ordinary ... More

architecture, Greek  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The forms of Greek architecture evolved essentially in the 7th and 6th cent. bce. After the collapse of *Mycenaean civilization, construction methods relapsed into the simplest forms of mud-brick and ... More

archives, Greek  

Rosalind Thomas

(τὰ δεμόσια γράμματα and variations; ἀρχεῖον is mainly Hellenistic). In Archaic Greece, documentation was minimal, laws being the most important public documents; lists of officials and agonistic ... More

Argonauts in art  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Argonauts generally appear in individual episodes. Boreads pursue Harpies (see harpyiae) on an Attic bowl (c.620 bce), later Archaic vases and an ivory from Delphi, and a Lucanian vase. The Argo ... More

armies, Greek and Hellenistic  

John F. Lazenby

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apart from what little archaeology can tell us, our earliest evidence comes from *Homer, but it is uncertain how far the poems can be taken as depicting real warfare. To some extent, what ... More

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