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  • Greek Material Culture: Bronze Age x
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Lefkandi  

R. W. V. Catling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Lefkandi, a coastal site (ancient name unknown) in *Euboea between *Chalcis and *Eretria. Inhabited from the early bronze age until its desertion c.700 bce, perhaps following the Lelantine War (see ... More

Lerna: the 'House of the Tiles'  

O. T. P. K. Dickinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Lerna: the ‘House of the Tiles’, Greek site south of *Argos (1), a fine example of the early Helladic II ‘corridor house’ type, now widely identified (J. W. Shaw, AJArch. 1987, 59 ff.). It ... More

Menelaion  

Hector Catling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The *Laconian shrine of *Menelaus(1) and *Helen at ancient Therapne (Hdt. 6. 61; Isoc. 10. 63; Polyb. 5. 18. 21; Paus. 3. 19. 9); from c.700 bce occupied a commanding position on a spur high above ... More

Messenia  

O. T. P. K. Dickinson, Arthur Maurice Woodward, Robert J. Hopper, and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The SW region of the Peloponnese (see Peloponnesus), bounded on the north by *Elis—along the lower course of the river Neda—and *Arcadia, and on the east by *Laconia, where the frontier follows at ... More

metallurgy, Greek  

Jonathan Edmondson

Metallurgy covers all processes involving native metal or metallic ores after mining (concentration, smelting, refining) up to the production of artefacts. Understanding these depends less on ... More

Minoan civilization  

John Bennet

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Minoan civilization, the bronze age civilization of *Crete (c.3500–1100 bce). See also religion, minoan and mycenaean. The term ‘Minoan’ (after the legendary *Minos) was coined by Sir Arthur Evans to ... More

Minyans  

Andrew Robert Burn and Antony Spawforth

Minyans (Μινύαι), the descendants of *Minyas, an Ur-Greek population-group believed in Classical times to have inhabited Aegean lands in the heroic age (see dryops; pelasgians), with centres at ... More

Mycenae  

O. T. P. K. Dickinson

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Mycenae is a rocky hill, flanked by ravines to north and south, situated on the north-east edge of the Argive plain between larger hills. There are few remains from the earliest phases of occupation, ... More

Mycenaean civilization  

O. T. P. K. Dickinson

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Mycenaean civilization (see also religion, Minoan and Mycenaean) takes its name from the spectacular finds made by Heinrich Schliemann at *Mycenae, and was first systematically defined by Christos ... More

orientalizing  

Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Orientalizing, an expression applied to certain phases of *Etruscan, Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine art when they appear to adopt stylistic traits characteristic of the Near East. Examples ... More

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