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Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

Alcidamas, rhetorician and sophist, 4th cent. BCE  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcidamas (4th cent. BCE), rhetorician and sophist, was born in Elaea in Aeolis, studied with *Gorgias (1) and taught in Athens. His professional rivalry with *Isocrates and his school emerges in On ... More

Alcinous (2)  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (2), accredited in the MSS as author of the Didaskalikos, or ‘Handbook of Platonism’, a summary of *Plato (1)'s doctrines designed as a handbook for the general public. He was long ... More

Alciphron  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alciphron, sophist (see second sophistic), whose Letters, supposedly written by Athenians of the 4th cent. bce (fishermen, farmers, ‘*parasites’, courtesans (*hetairai)) attest his wide reading in ... More

Alcman, lyric poet, fl. mid-late 7th cent. BCE  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In *Sparta. His birthplace was disputed. Some believed him a *Laconian, while a number of ancient authors made him a *Lydian (Anth. Pal. 7. 18, 19, 709; Ael. VH 12. 50; Suda, entry under Ἀλκμάν, ... More

alcoholism, Greek  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Greeks were unfamiliar with modern concepts of alcoholism, but they were well aware of self-destructive drinking and the effects of habitual drunkenness. In the Odyssey, *Homer makes a ... More

Alexander (12), Greek author, son of Numenius  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (12) (2nd cent. ce), son of *Numenius, wrote a Rhetoric (Τέχνη) and an influential treatise On Figures (Περὶ σχημάτων), which discussed the distinction between ‘natural’ and ... More

Alexander (8), of Pleuron, 'the Aetolian'  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (8) of Pleuron, ‘the Aetolian’ (he is the only known Aetolian poet), *grammaticus and poet, born c.315 bce, contemporary with *Callimachus (3) and *Theocritus. Around 285–283, he undertook ... More

Alexis, c. 375–c. 275 BCE  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alexis c. 375–c. 275 BCE, poet of Middle and New Comedy (see comedy (greek), middle and new), born at *Thurii (Sudaα 1138), but apparently living most of his long life in *Athens. He wrote 245 plays ... More

allegory, Greek  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Elements of allegory are present in Greek literature from the earliest stage: in *Homer, in Phoenix' Prayers (Λιταί, Il. 9. 502–12), and *Achilles' image of *Zeus' jars (Il. 24. 527–33); in *Hesiod, ... More

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