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Chalcedon  

Alexander John Graham and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Megarian colony founded in 685 bce (so Euseb. Chron.) on the Asiatic side of the *Bosporus (1) opposite Byzantium (mod. Kadıköy). It was called the city of the blind (Hdt. 4. 144) because ... More

chastity, Christian  

Christopher Rowland

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Christian Celibacy and asceticism are endemic to Christianity and are typical of the distinctive outlook on life which runs throughout much of early Christian literature. The practice of holiness, ... More

Christianity  

Jill Harries and Gillian Clark

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Christianity began as a Jewish sect and evolved at a time when both *Jews and Christians were affected by later Hellenism (see hellenism, hellenization). Following the conquests of *Alexander (3) the ... More

Christus Patiens  

John Dewar Denniston, Kenneth Dover, and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A play in 2,610 verses describing the Passion of Jesus Christ, bearing the name of *Gregory of Nazianzus, but now usually thought to have been written by a Byzantine of the 11th or 12th ... More

Chrysostom, John, c. 354–407 CE  

Stanley Lawrence Greenslade and J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Christianity
John Chrysostom (c. 354–407 ce), born at *Antioch (1), where after studying rhetoric under *Libanius, he attended an ascetic institution. Having spent three years as a monk and two as a hermit, he ... More

churches, early Christian  

Bryan Ward-Perkins

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The first Christians met in the private houses of the faithful. Gradually, as local Christian communities became more established both in numbers and in wealth, they might acquire their own ... More

Clement of Alexandria  

M. J. Edwards

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Clement of Alexandria was born c.150 ce, probably at Athens and of pagan parents. He was converted to *Christianity and after extensive travels to seek instruction from Christian teachers received ... More

Clement of Rome  

Henry Chadwick and M. J. Edwards

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Clement of Rome, author of an epistle (c. 96 ce) from the Roman Church, rebuking the Corinthian Church for arbitrarily deposing clergy. This letter is remarkable, in a largely pacifist Church, for ... More

Columbanus, abbot of Luxeuil and Bobbio, d. 615 CE  

Michael Lapidge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Columbanus is important for two reasons: he was the earliest Irish scholar to have composed a significant corpus of writings in Latin, and he founded an austere but influential form of ... More

Commodianus  

J. H. D. Scourfield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Christian Latin poet, probably from 3rd-cent. Africa, but assigned by some to the 4th or 5th cent. and to other locations; perhaps of Syrian origin. In the Instructiones, 80 short poems ... More

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