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Theages  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Theages, pupil of *Socrates(1). *Plato(1) refers in the Republic (496b) to ‘the bridle of Theages’, the bad health which kept him out of politics and saved him for philosophy. On the basis ... More

Theano  

Vicki Lynn Harper

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Theano was probably the wife of *Pythagoras(1), possibly a daughter or disciple. She is said to have written a few things (Diog. Laert. 8. 43). Letters attributed to her and a fragment On Piety are ... More

Theologumena arithmeticae  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
This work is anonymous in the manuscripts, but has been attributed to *Iamblichus(2), on the ground of his promise at the end of his On Nicomachus' Arithmetical Introduction (In Nic.) to write about ... More

Theon (2), of Smyrna, Platonist, fl. c. 115–140 CE  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Theon (2) of *Smyrna (fl. c. 115–40 ce), Platonist (cf. plato(1)), author of an extant work, Aspects of Mathematics Useful for the Reading of Plato (Expos.), and of a lost commentary on the Republic. ... More

Theophrastus  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Theophrastus of *Eresus in Lesbos, associate and successor of *Aristotle. In spite of a tradition that he had been a pupil of *Plato(1), it is probable that he first joined Aristotle when the latter ... More

Thrasymachus of Chalcedon, fl. c. 430–400 BCE  

William David Ross and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Thrasymachus of Chalcedon (fl. c. 430–400 bce), *sophist and rhetorician, is best known for his defence, in *Plato(1)'s Republic, of the thesis that justice is the interest of the ... More

Timaeus (1), of Locri Epizephyrii, Pythagorean  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
In Italy, Pythagorean (see pythagoras(1)), the chief speaker in *Plato(1)'s Timaeus. We have no knowledge of him independent of this, and he may have been a fictitious character. The work in ... More

Timaeus (3), lexicographer, between the 2nd and 5th cent. CE  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy

Compiled an extant brief lexicon of difficult words in *Plato(1).

Timon (2) of Phlius, Sceptic, follower of Pyrrhon, c. 320–230 BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Timon (2) of Phlius (c. 320–230 bce), *Sceptic, follower of *Pyrrhon. After a period of poverty in his youth, when he earned a living as a dancer, he studied in *Megara with *Stilpon and then in ... More

transmigration  

Christopher Rowe

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
The belief that on death, some aspect of us—usually identified with the ‘*soul’ (ψυχή; see psychē)—survives to enter another body, is connected with the idea of immortality, supplying one possible ... More

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