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  • Greek Material Culture: Classical and Hellenistic x
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Timanthes, of Cythnus, painter, late 5th cent. BCE  

Thomas Bertram Lonsdale Webster and Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timanthes (late 5th cent. bce), painter, of Cythnus, or Sicyon. Famed for ingenium (‘imaginative ingenuity’). His ‘sacrifice of Iphigenia’ showed degrees of grief culminating in the veiled Agamemnon. ... More

Timotheus (3), Greek sculptor  

Gisela M. A. Richter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Timotheus (3), Greek sculptor, active during the first half and middle of the 4th cent. bce. He took part in two important monuments of which sculptural remains survive—the temple of ... More

tourism  

Antony Spawforth

Well-known Greek tourists include *Solon, said (Hdt. 1. 30) to have visited Egypt and Lydia ‘for the sake of seeing’ (theōria), and *Herodotus (1) himself. Sea-borne *trade and sightseeing were ... More

toys  

Frederick Norman Pryce and Michael Vickers

Specimens from children's tombs, and representations on Greek pottery vases provide our knowledge of ancient toys, which did not differ essentially from modern ones. For the infant there were ... More

transhumance  

Antony Spawforth

Transhumance, a form of semi-nomadism in which pastoralists move their flocks over long distances between summer and winter pastures. Well-attested in the Mediterranean more recently, it ... More

trireme  

Philip de Souza

The trireme (Gk. τριήρης, Lat. triremis) was the standard warship of the classical world for much of the time from the 5th cent. bce to the 4th cent. ce. A long rowing-ship, its principal ... More

trophies  

Donald Emrys Strong

The act of dedicating on the field of battle a suit of enemy armour set upon a stake is a specifically Greek practice. Originally intended as a miraculous image of the theos tropaios who had brought ... More

urbanism, Greek and Hellenistic  

Robin Osborne

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Urban units are to be distinguished not simply by the size of the community, but by its topographical organization, occupational pattern, and cultural sophistication. The formation of ... More

water supply  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

The preferred source of water in Classical Greece is a natural perennial spring. Failing this, rainwater has to be conserved in cisterns, or raised from wells.Improvement of natural water supplies ... More

weighing instruments  

Frederick Norman Pryce, Mabel L. Lang, and David William John Gill

The balance (σταθμός, libra, bilanx) of two pans at equal distance from the point of suspension is an invention of the earliest times; in Mycenaean tablets (see mycenaean language) it is the symbol ... More

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