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altars, Roman  

Frederick Norman Pryce, John Boardman, Antony Spawforth, and J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Latin terms altaria (plur.) and ara (variously explained by Roman antiquarians) derive from the roots denoting ‘burning’ (of sacrificial offerings). Normally of stone, of varying size, ... More

Ambarvalia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambarvalia, Roman private and public field *lustration in May. The name appears only in Festus Gloss. Lat. 112, SHA Aurel. 20. 3; Strabo 5. 3. 2. Private rite: Cato, Agr. 141; ... More

Amburbium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amburbium, *lustration for Rome, seldom so named (Serv. on Verg. Ecl. 3. 77; SHA Aurel. 20. 3), usually linked with the *Ambarvalia's lustration of the fields (Festus Gloss. ... More

amulets  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amulets were magically potent objects worn (hence the Greek names: περίαμμα, περίαπτον) for protection against witchcraft, illness, the evil eye, accidents, robbery, etc. (hence the Greek name: ... More

Anchises  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anchises, character in literature and mythology, son of Capys, father of *Aeneas, and member of the Trojan royal house. He does not appear in person in *Homer's Iliad, but the Homeric *Hymn to ... More

androgyny  

Luc Brisson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the modern use, “bisexuality” refers to sexual object choice, whereas “androgyny” refers to sexual identity. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, these terms sometimes refer to human ... More

Angerona  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Angerona, Roman goddess, worshipped on 21 December (*Divalia or Angeronalia) in the Curia Acculeia (Varro, Ling. 6. 23), or the Sacellum Volupiae, where there stood on the altar a statue of Angerona ... More

Angitia  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Angitia, or the Angitiae, *Marsian goddess (es) principally worshipped on the *Fucinus Lacus at Lucus Angitiae (cf. Verg. Aen. 7. 759 with Serv. on 750) at *Sulmo (CIL 9. 3074), where the ... More

Anna Perenna  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anna Perenna, Roman goddess with a merry festival on 15 March (O. Fast. 3. 523–696 with Bömer's notes). This date on the Ides and the first full moon of the year by archaic reckoning (1 March being ... More

Anubis  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anubis, one of several local divine guardians of the dead in Egypt, originally in the form of a jackal, later as a human figure with a dog's head. As lord of the necropolis, he supervised embalmment, ... More

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