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Alexander (14), of Aphrodisias, commentator on Aristotle  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Appointed public teacher of Aristotelian philosophy, probably though not certainly in Athens, at some time between 198 and 209 ce (his treatise On Fate being dedicated then to *Septimius Severus and ... More

Amafinius, Gaius  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Amafinius, Gaius, older contemporary of Cicero, popularized the philosophy of *Epicurus in Latin. Cicero refers to him disparagingly (Fam. 15. 19. 2; Acad. Post. 1. 5. Cf. Tusc. 1. 6, 2. ... More

Amelius  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Amelius (or Amerius) Gentilianus (3rd cent. ce), from Etruria, was *Plotinus̕ pupil 246–69. He wrote extensively, mainly presenting and defending Plotinus' philosophy, which he did not ... More

Ammonius (2) Saccas  

Erik Robertson Dodds and John Dillon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Ammonius (2) Saccas, of *Alexandria (1), Platonist philosopher, active in first half of 3rd cent. ce, famous as the teacher of *Plotinus, who studied under him 232–42, as well as of *Origen (1) the ... More

analogy and anomaly  

R. H. Robins

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Analogy and anomaly were the titles of two themes in the investigation of the Greek and Latin languages in the classical era. They turned on the question, to what extent can regularity (analogia, ... More

Anaxagoras, c. 500–428 BCE  

Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaxagoras (probably 500–428 BCE), son of Hegesibulus, and a native of *Clazomenae; the first philosopher known to have settled in Athens. The evidence for his biography, although relatively ... More

Anaxarchus  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaxarchus, of *Abdera, a Democritean philosopher (see democritus) and teacher of *Pyrrhon (the putative founder of Scepticism). He accompanied *Alexander (3) the Great on his Asian campaigns—a ... More

Anaximander, of Miletus, d. c. 547 BCE  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaximander of *Miletu (died soon after 547 BCE), said to be an associate or disciple of *Thales, was the first Greek to write a prose treatise ‘On the Nature of Things’ (Peri physeōs). ... More

Anaximenes (1)  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaximenes (1), of *Miletus (traditional floruit 546–525 bce) followed in the footsteps of *Anaximander in composing a treatise in Ionian prose in which he developed a world system on the ... More

Andronicus  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Andronicus of Rhodes, Peripatetic philosopher, who recalled the attention of the school to the works of *Aristotle and *Theophrastus (see peripatetic school). With the assistance of the grammarian ... More

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