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Alexander (16), of Tralles, physician, 525–605 CE  

John Scarborough

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alexander (16), of Tralles, physician, 525–605 ce, died in Rome. The author of an extant encyclopaedia of practical medicine, Alexander shows his continual adaptation of Graeco-Roman texts in light ... More

anabolē  

Cecil Maurice Bowra, Eveline Krummen, and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anabolē, musical term (see music), used of the striking-up of a musical instrument (esp. of the lyre, Od. 1. 155, 8. 266: ἀνεβάλλετο), a non-vocal prelude serving as a signal to dancers and singers ... More

anatomy and physiology  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The examination of the parts of the body, their forms, location, nature, function, and interrelations (to adapt the list provided by A. *Cornelius Celsus in the proem to book 1 of the De ... More

Andreas, d. 217 BCE  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Physician and court doctor of *Ptolemy (1) IV (Philopator), follower of *Herophilus. Works: Νάρθηξ (a pharmacopoeia, with descriptions of plants and roots); Περὶ δακέτων (on snake-bites); Περὶ τῶν ... More

animals, knowledge about  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Animals are the mirror of nature, claimed *Epicurus (quoted in Cic. Fin. 2. 32), echoing a view widely held in different ways throughout antiquity. But others added that animals mirror culture as ... More

Anthimus  

Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthimus was a Greek doctor attached to the court of the emperor Zeno (ce 474–91) who was involved in treasonable relations with the Ostrogothic king *Theoderic (2) Strabo in 481. He fled Roman ... More

anthropology  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
It is probably misleading, though not entirely inappropriate, to use this word to describe the ancient study of man and society. Misleading, because anthropology did not really exist as the kind of ... More

Antichthon/Antipodes  

Alfred Hiatt

The terms antipodes and antichthones, along with others such as antoikoi and perioikoi, referred to hypothetical peoples dwelling beyond the extent of the known world. These terms were the product of ... More

Antonius Musa  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antonius Musa, physician to *Augustus whom he cured of a grave illness (Suet. Aug. 59). *Pliny the Elder links him with *Themison and his hydropathic therapies may place him in the tradition of ... More

Antonius Castor  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Antonius Castor, perhaps a freedman of M. *Antonius (2), was one of the elder *Pliny (1)'s sources for botany (HN 25. 9). Pliny mentions that he possessed his own botanical garden.

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