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dialects, Greek, prehistory  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
In the first half of the first millennium bce each Greek region and indeed each Greek city spoke and sometimes wrote its own dialect (see Greek language). The Greeks themselves mentioned four ethnic ... More

epigraphy, Etruscan  

Jean Turfa

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The study of the inscriptions written in the Etruscan language and alphabet, usually texts incised on stone, pottery, or metal objects, or occasionally on more fragile media such as ink-on-cloth. ... More

Etruscan language  

Helmut Rix

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The Etruscan language was long held to be obscure and mysterious. This it no longer remains, even if there are still large gaps in our knowledge of its grammar and lexicon and in our understanding of ... More

etymology  

Robert Maltby

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
Etymology in the ancient world was always closely connected with questions concerning the ultimate origin of language. Was the sound of a word merely a matter of convention (the theory of nomos), or ... More

Faliscan language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
Faliscan was the language spoken in the ager Faliscus north of Rome. It is preserved in some 450 mostly very short inscriptions dating from the 6th into the 2nd centurybce primarily from Civita ... More

Gavius Bassus, late republican scholar  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics

Late republican scholar whose (lost) works on *etymology (De origine vocabulorum) and religious antiquities (De dis) are quoted by *Quintilian, A. *Gellius, and *Macrobius.

Germanic languages  

Jay H. Jasanoff

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
The Germanic (Gmc.) languages constitute one of the ten major branches of the *Indo-European (IE) family. Proto-Germanic (PGmc. ), the inferred common parent of the group, was a sister language to ... More

Gothic language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
The East Germanic language of the Goths, attested primarily in the lengthy fragments of a translation of the Greek Bible by the 4th-century Arian bishop Wulfila or Ulfilas (literally, “little wolf”). ... More

grammar, grammarians, Latin  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Romans came to study their own language only late, under the impulse of Hellenistic philosophy; the Greek influence was permanent and is clearly indicated by the calques that constitute much of ... More

Greek language  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
In the Classical period Greek was spoken in mainland Greece (including the Peloponnese), in the islands of the Aegean (including Crete, Rhodes, and Cyprus), and in the Greek colonies in Asia, Africa, ... More

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