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Ammianus Marcellinus, c. 330–395 CE  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Ammianus Marcellinus (c. 330–95 ce), the last great Latin historian of the Roman empire, was born at Syrian *Antioch (1). His early entry, c.350, into the élite corps of protectores domestici may ... More

Anicia Iuliana, c. 461–527/528 CE  

L. M. Whitby

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anicia Iuliana (c. CE 461–527/8), a Constantinopolitan aristocrat (see constantinople) of western senatorial family (the Anicii) and imperial descent (*Valentinian III, grandfather; ... More

Anthemius  

Jill Harries

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Anthemius, western Roman emperor (ce 467–72), son-in-law of Marcian, eastern emperor, was imposed on *Ricimer by the eastern court. Though praised by *Sidonius Apollinaris in a panegyric, he lacked ... More

Anthimus  

Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthimus was a Greek doctor attached to the court of the emperor Zeno (ce 474–91) who was involved in treasonable relations with the Ostrogothic king *Theoderic (2) Strabo in 481. He fled Roman ... More

Antiphilus  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Antiphilus, of Byzantium, author of 50 epigrams in the Greek Anthology (see anthology), from the Garland of *Philippus (2). Some are ingenious paradoxes or descriptions of freak accidents, many are ... More

Arcadius (2), Flavius, Roman emperor  

Edward Arthur Thompson and J. H. W. G. Liebeschuetz

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Arcadius (2), Flavius, eastern Roman emperor (ce 383–408), was the elder son of *Theodosius (2) I. Weak and irritable, he filled the essential role of emperor, while policy was made by a succession ... More

armies, Roman, late empire  

R. S. O. Tomlin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The army of the late empire is brilliantly described by *Ammianus Marcellinus, and its order of battle (c. 395 ce) survives in the *Notitia Dignitatum, but its evolution is obscure. As pressure upon ... More

Aspar, Flavius Ardaburius  

L. M. Whitby

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An important general in the eastern empire for at least four decades from about 430 ce, or earlier, to his death. As an *Arian he could not aspire to the throne, but he came close to wielding at ... More

Athalaric  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(Ostro-) *Gothic king of Italy 526–34 ce, grandson of *Theoderic (1) son of Amalasuentha and Eutharic (consul 519). After Eutharic's death, Athalaric was Theoderic's heir though still a minor. His ... More

Athanaric  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Gothic leader, made a treaty with *Valens in 369 ce but c.376 failed to hold off a Hunnic attack on his territories and withdrew to a refuge in the Carpathian mountains, yielding Gothic leadership to ... More

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