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Aeschines (1), c. 397–c. 322 BCE  

George Law Cawkwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aeschines (1) (c. 397–c. 322 BCE), Athenian orator whose exchanges with *Demosthenes (2) in the courts in 343 and 330 provide a large part of the evidence for the relations of Athens and Macedon in ... More

Aeschines (2) Socraticus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(4th cent. bce), of the *deme of Sphettus in Attica, a devoted follower of *Socrates, was present at his trial and death. He wrote speeches for the lawcourts and taught oratory, but fell ... More

Aeschylus, Athenian tragic dramatist  

Alan H. Sommerstein

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Aeschylus was probably born at *Eleusis in 525/4 bce (Marm. Par.). He fought at the battle of ... More

Aesop  

J. S. Rusten

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aesop, as legendary a figure as Homer. What we now call *fables (Gk. αἶνοι, μῦθοι, λόγοι), i.e. stories clearly fictitious (often about speaking animals), which illustrate a point or support an ... More

Agathocles (2), of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/265–200/190 BCE  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agathocles (2) of Cyzicus, grammarian, c. 275/65 –200/190 bce, quite possibly to be identified with the local historian (FGrH472). He was a pupil of *Zenodotus. A small number of ... More

Agathon  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agathon, son of Tisamenus of Athens, was the most celebrated tragic poet after the three great masters. (See tragedy, greek.) He won his first victory at the *Lenaea in 416 bce, and the occasion of ... More

agōnes  

Stephen Instone and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
(1) The term agōn (ἀγών) and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore competitive struggles and rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for success and ... More

Alcaeus (1), lyric poet  

C. Carey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcaeus (1) lyric poet, of *Mytilene on Lesbos. Probably born c.625–620 bce, since he was old enough to participate in the struggle against Athens for *Sigeum in the Troad in the last decade of the ... More

Alcaeus (2)  

Kenneth Dover and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Is called by the Suda a comedian of the Old Comedy (see comedy (greek), old) (κωμικὸς τῆς ἀρχαίας κωμῳδίας) and author of ten plays. His Pasiphae took the fifth (last) prize in 388 bce ... More

Alcaeus (3), of Messene, fl. 200 BCE  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron and Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcaeus (3) of Messen (fl. 200 bce), author of 22 epigrams from the Garland of *Meleager (2) on various themes, notably political attacks on *Philip (3) V of Macedon (who replied to one of ... More

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