D. M. MacDowell
In Athens was a legal procedure concerned with *liturgies. Liturgies were supposed to be performed by the richest men. If a man appointed to perform one claimed that another man, who had not been appointed and was not exempt, was richer than himself, he could challenge him either, if he admitted being richer, to perform the liturgy or, if he claimed to be poorer, to exchange the whole of his property for that of the challenger, who would then perform it. If the challenged man failed to fulfil either alternative, the case went to trial (diadikasia) by a jury, who decided which man should perform the liturgy; this was probably the most usual upshot, though actual exchanges of property sometimes did take place.
P. J. Rhodes
Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes
Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes
Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes
The term is applied by modern scholars to the regimes of early Greece in which states were ruled by the noble families which had emerged from the Dark Age with the most landed property and political power, but the word aristokratia is not found before the 5th cent.