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Agis II, Spartan king of the Eurypontid house, c. 427–400 BCE  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
(the first to be given a name belonging naturally to the *Agiads) from c.427 to 400 bce; he was son of *Archidamus II by his first wife. He achieved widespread prominence in 418, as nominal victor of ... More

Agis III, Spartan king, 338–330? BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agis III, king of Sparta (338–?330 bce), *Eurypontid. Ascending the throne at a time of humiliation, when Sparta had lost her borderlands to *Philip (1) II of Macedon, he devoted himself ... More

Agis IV, c. 262–241 BCE  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agis IV (c. 262–241 bce), son of Eudamidas, ascended the *Eurypontid throne in c. 244, at a time of domestic crisis. Concentration of estates in a few hands, heavy indebtedness of the majority, ... More

agōgē  

Stephen Hodkinson and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Spartan public upbringing (never in fact so-called in surviving writers of the 5th and 4th cents. bce). Its reconstruction is bedevilled by poor and conflicting sources and modern debate over how ... More

Agyrrhius, Athenian politician, fl. c. 405–373 BCE  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Agyrrhius (fl. c. 405–373 BCE). Athenian politician, introduced payment of one obol for attending the assembly (see ekklesia), and later increased it from two obols to three; sometimes, but probably ... More

Alcibiades, 451/450–404/403 BCE  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcibiades (451/0–404/3 BCE), son of Cleinias, Athenian general and politician. Brought up in the household of his guardian *Pericles (1), he became the pupil and intimate friend of *Socrates. A ... More

Alcidas  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcidas, Spartan commander in the early part of the *Peloponnesian War, failed to help *Mytilene in its revolt from Athens 428–7 and treated prisoners brutally (Thuc. 3. 17, 29–33) so ... More

Alcmaeonidae  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcmaeonidae, a noble Athenian family prominent in politics. Its first eminent member was Megacles, who as archon (see archontes), perhaps in 632/1 bce, involved it in a hereditary *curse (see ... More

alcoholism, Greek  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Greeks were unfamiliar with modern concepts of alcoholism, but they were well aware of self-destructive drinking and the effects of habitual drunkenness. In the Odyssey, *Homer makes a ... More

Aleuadae  

Bruno Helly

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aleuadae, aristocratic family of *Larissa in *Thessaly. The military and political organization of the federal Thessalian state goes back to Aleuas the Red (second half of the 6th cent. bce). The ... More

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