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Triclinius, Demetrius, early 14th cent. CE  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Demetrius Triclinius (early 14th cent.), one of the most important scholars of his day, lived probably Thessalonica. He prepared editions of numerous classical poets, using his knowledge ... More

Tzetzes, Johannes, 12th cent. CE  

Peter Barr Reid Forbes, Robert Browning, and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Johannes Tzetzes (12th cent. ce), a copious, careless, quarrelsome Byzantine polymath. In his youth he wrote (ce 1143) a commentary on *Homer's Iliad of which the greater part is still unpublished, ... More

Ulpianus, of Ascalon  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ulpianus of Ascalon taught rhetoric at *Emesa and *Antioch (1) in the reign of Constantine (324–37 ce) and wrote a number of declamations and rhetorical works (no longer extant). He is the reputed ... More

Uranius, Greek writer about Arabia  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
His date is not quite certain, but 4th century ce (rather than three centuries earlier) seems likeliest. He is a source for much of the Arabian information in Stephanus of Byzantium, in ... More

Urbanus, Virgilian scholar  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Urbanus, Virgilian scholar (see virgil) frequently cited by *Servius in his Vergilian commentary. He wrote between the 2nd and late 4th cent. ce; his work on the Aeneid, probably a ... More

Valens, Roman emperor, 364–78 CE  

R. S. O. Tomlin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Valens, Roman emperor (364–78 ce), the younger brother of *Valentinian I, who proclaimed him emperor of the eastern empire. He lacked his brother's military ability and forceful ... More

Valentinian I, Roman emperor, 364–375 CE  

R. S. O. Tomlin

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Valentinian I, Roman emperor (364–375ce), born in 321 at Cibalae in *Pannonia. In February 364 when *Jovian died, he was commanding a guards regiment, and at Nicaea the generals and civil dignitaries ... More

Valentinian II, Roman emperor, 375–392 CE  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Valentinian II, Roman emperor (375–92 ce), was the son of *Valentinian I. Born in 371, he was upon his father's death elevated by the troops at *Aquincum, but without the consent of *Valens and ... More

Valentinian III, Roman emperor, 425–55 CE  

Jill Harries

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Valentinian III, western Roman emperor (425–55 ce), born in 419, was the son of *Constantius III and Galla *Placidia. Expelled by a usurper, he was restored in 425 by his cousin, the eastern emperor ... More

Vandals  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Vandals, a Germanic people or confederation of peoples (see germans) met with in *Pliny(1) and *Tacitus(1) as the Vandili, an overall designation which seems to have included later independent groups ... More

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