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tamiai  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tamiai means ‘treasurers’. In Athens the most important officials with this title were the treasurers of Athena. They were ten in number, appointed annually by lot, one from each of the ten *phylai. ... More

textile production  

Helen King and J. P. Wild

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Spinning and weaving held considerable symbolic and economic importance for women. In the *Gortyn Law Code (3. 17) a woman who was widowed or divorced could keep half of what she had woven ... More

theōrika  

Friedrich M. Heichelheim and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Theōrika, grants paid by the state to the citizens of Athens to enable them to attend the theatre at the major festivals. Attributions of these grants to *Pericles(1) (who introduced payment for ... More

thētes  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Thētes, hired labourers, the lowest class of free men in a Greek state. At Athens, after *Solon, the lowest of the four property classes, said (perhaps by false analogy with *pentakosiomedimnoi) to ... More

Thoricus  

John Ellis Jones

Thoricus, coastal *deme of SE *Attica, now a bare twin-peaked hill (Velatouri) north of modern Laurion. In legend, one of King *Cecrops' twelve Attic townships, home of the hunter king *Cephalus, and ... More

timber  

Eugene N. Borza

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Was a valuable economic product in Greece and Rome. Many Mediterranean lands were forested in ancient times, but these timber stands were drastically reduced by human exploitation and by the grazing ... More

tin  

Oliver Davies and David William John Gill

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Combined with copper is used to make the alloy of *bronze. Its addition to copper reduces the melting-point of the alloy, and also gives a product stronger than copper. A 4th-cent. bce inscription ... More

trade, Greek  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Exchange in some form has probably existed since the emergence of the first properly human social groups. Trade, whether local, regional, interregional or international, is a much later development. ... More

trade, Roman  

Jeremy Paterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The central issue for historians has long been, and remains, how to characterize properly the scale and importance of trade and commerce in the overall economy of the Roman empire. Some seek to ... More

traders  

Paul C. Millett

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Traders in the ancient Mediterranean relied heavily on sea transport, reflecting terrain and the location of communities. *Plato(1) describes the Greeks as huddled around the sea ‘like ants and frogs ... More

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