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proxenos/proxeny  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Since Greek states did not send permanent diplomatic representatives abroad, local citizens served as proxenoi to look after the interests of other states in their community. By the beginning of the ... More

prytaneis  

D. M. MacDowell and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Prytaneis means ‘presidents’, sing. prytanis (πρύτανις). In Athens the *boulē, after it was reorganized in 508/7 bce by *Cleisthenes (2), consisted of fifty men chosen by lot from each of the ten ... More

punishment, Greek and Roman practice  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
According to *Cicero (Ad Brut. 23. 3), it was a dictum of *Solon's that a community was held together by rewards and penalties, and the ascription seems plausible, in so far as Archaic Greek ... More

sacred laws  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The category ‘sacred laws’ is one within which modern scholarship on Greek religion assembles inscriptions which in various ways regulate the conduct of cult. Many have a broadly policing ... More

Solon, Athenian politician and poet  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Solon, Athenian politician and poet, was of noble descent but, whether or not the tradition that he was of moderate means is correct, came to sympathize with the poor. He was prominent in the war ... More

sortition  

Victor Ehrenberg and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Sortition (klērōsis), election by lot, a method of appointing officials in Greek city-states, especially in democracies (see democracy, both entries). It was based on the idea of equality and ... More

stasis  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Stasis (lit. ‘standing’), a Greek word commonly used for a group of men who take a stand in a political dispute, i.e. a party or faction, and by extension for the dispute itself, especially when the ... More

status, legal and social, Roman  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
In Roman law, status describes the ‘legal position’ of an individual with respect to both that person's household (familia) and the broader civic community of Rome. The concept of status is linked to ... More

Stratocles  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Stratocles, son of Euthydemus, Athenian from the *deme of Diomeia (c. 355 to after 292 bce). He was the official prosecutor of *Harpalus (Din. 1. 1. 20) (324/3). After *Demetrius (4)'s ... More

sycophants  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Sycophants (συκοφάνται), habitual prosecutors. In Athens there were, for most offences, no public prosecutors, but anyone (for some offences, any citizen) who wished was allowed to prosecute in a ... More

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