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Socrates Scholasticus, lawyer  

Jill Harries

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Socrates Scholasticus, lawyer in *Constantinople, continued the Historia Ecclesiastica of *Eusebius from 305 ce to 439, basing his account on documentary and first-hand testimony, as Eusebius had ... More

Sophronius, 'the Sophist'  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Patriarch of Jerusalem (from c. 560–638, 634ce) at the time of the Arab conquest of 637. He wrote a theological manifesto against the doctrine that although Christ had two natures he had ... More

Sozomen, advocate and historian  

Jill Harries

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Advocate and historian in *Constantinople in the 5th cent. ce, wrote a compendium of history from the Ascension to 324 in two books (now lost) and a continuation of Eusebius' Historia Ecclesiastica ... More

Stephanus of Byzantium  

Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Greek grammarian, probably a contemporary of *Justinian, and a publicly appointed teacher in Constantinople. Nothing is known in detail of his life except that he was a Christian. He is the author of ... More

Sulpicius Quirinius, Publius  

Ronald Syme and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Publius Sulpicius Quirinius, consul 12 bce, a *novus homo from *Lanuvium (on his career cf. Tac.Ann. 3. 48). Quirinius defeated the Marmaridae (Florus 2. 31), perhaps as proconsul of *Crete and ... More

Synesius, of Cyrene, Christian Neoplatonist, c. 370–413 CE  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Christian Neoplatonist (See neoplatonism) and bishop of Ptolemais (see pentapolis) 410–13. A pupil of *Hypatia at Alexandria, he tended towards oratory and poetry. Nine hymns, 156 letters, and a ... More

Tarsus  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tarsus, a native Cilician (see cilicia) town with a long prehistoric past, which later claimed *Triptolemus, *Perseus(1), and above all *Heracles as its founder. It was capital of the Cilician kings ... More

Tertullian, c. 160–c. 240 CE  

William Hugh Clifford Frend, M. J. Edwards, and Tony Honoré

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Tertullian (Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus (c. 160–c. 240 ce), born in or near *Carthage, the son of a centurion (see centurio). The tradition that he was a lawyer rests chiefly on the ... More

Thamugadi  

William Nassau Weech and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Thamugadi (modern Timgad, Algeria), a settlement in *Numidia 32 km. (20 mi.) east of *Lambaesis, is one of the few almost totally excavated towns in the Roman empire. Founded in 100ce by *Trajan as ... More

Theodoret, c. 393–466 CE  

Henry Chadwick and M. J. Edwards

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
After a good education he became a monk and from 423 bishop of Cyrrhus in Syria. From 428 he supported his friend Nestorius in the Christological controversy against *Cyril of Alexandria, ... More

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