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alliance, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fundamentally, an agreement between states to fight together (symmachein) against a common enemy, so that the standard term is symmachia. Such alliances might be made either for a limited period or ... More

Antipater (1), Macedonian statesman, 397?–319 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Trusted lieutenant of *Philip (1) II, he represented the king at Athens in 346 and 338, and governed Macedon during the Danubian campaign of *Alexander (3) the Great (335). From 334 he acted as ... More

artillery  

Jonathan Coulston

Evidence for Greek and Roman artillery comes from the surviving technical treatises, incidental historical and subliterary references, and, most importantly, finds of both machine-fittings and ... More

barbarian  

Thomas E. J. Wiedemann

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Social groups frequently assert their cohesiveness by emphasizing the differences between themselves and ‘outsiders’. Individuals belong to a range of groups, and which they choose to emphasize will ... More

Boeotia and Boeotian Confederacy  

John Buckler and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Boeotia was a region in central Greece, bounded in the north by *Phocis and Opuntian *Locris. The east faces the Euboean Gulf, and Mts. Parnes and Cithaeron form the southern boundary with Attica. On ... More

Cleisthenes (2), Athenian politician  

Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Athenian politician, of the *Alcmaeonid family, son of *Megacles and Agariste, daughter of *Cleisthenes (1) of *Sicyon. He was archon under the tyrant *Hippias (1) in 525/4 bce, but later ... More

Cleon, Athenian politician  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cleon, Athenian politician, the son of a rich tanner. He was perhaps involved in the attacks on *Pericles (1) through his intellectual friends in the 430s bce, and in the opposition to Pericles’ ... More

Common Peace  

Timothy Thomas Bennett Ryder

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Common Peace (κοινὴ εἰρήνη), the phrase used by *Diodorus (3) Siculus, following *Ephorus, and by some contemporaries (though not by *Demosthenes (2), *Isocrates, or *Xenophon (1)) to ... More

ephēboi  

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ephēboi originally meant boys who had reached the age of puberty, and was one of several terms for age classes; but in 4th-cent. bce Athens it came to have a special paramilitary sense, boys who in ... More

ethnicity  

Catherine A. Morgan and Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In social science usage, a term coined (in 1953) to describe that condition ‘wherein certain members of a society in a given social context choose to emphasize as their most meaningful basis of ... More

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