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Constantius I, Flavius Valerius, Roman emperor  

Raymond Davis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Flavius Valerius Constantius I, (perhaps Flavius Iulius before 293; nicknamed, not before the 6th cent., Chlorus), born no later than 250 ce, of Illyrian stock; stories of his relationship with ... More

conventus  

Graham Burton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Conventus, ‘assembly’, is technically used(1) for associations of Italians abroad;(2) for provincial assizes.(1) By the early 2nd cent. bce Italians (especially in the east) united for religious and ... More

credit  

Paul C. Millett

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Credit, the temporary transfer of property rights over money or goods, was central to the functioning of ancient society. The great majority of credit operations would have been informal transactions ... More

cuneiform  

Stephanie Dalley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cuneiform is wedge-shaped writing thought to have developed from impressions of clay tokens and incised pictograms by impressing the triangular cross-section of a reed upon clay. First ... More

cursus honorum  

T. Corey Brennan

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Down to the 3rd cent. bce there were perhaps few rules concerning the cursus honorum (career path) other than a requisite period of military service before seeking the political offices open to one's ... More

Dacia  

Max Cary and John Wilkes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Dacia was situated in the loop of the lower Danube (see danuvius), consisting mainly of the plateau of Transylvania, but extending in a wider sense eastwards to the Sereth and north to the Vistula. ... More

damnatio memoriae  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
After the deaths of persons deemed by the senate enemies of the state, measures to erase their memory might follow. Originally there was no set package, as the phrase implies (cf. Ulp.Dig. ... More

decision-making, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
A Greek state was the community of its citizens, and at any rate the most important decisions were made by an assembly of the citizens. *democracies and *oligarchies differed not over that ... More

declamation  

M. Winterbottom

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Declamation (Lat. declamatio, Gk. meletē) was over a very long period the main means employed by teachers of rhetoric to train their pupils for public speaking. It was invented by the Greeks, who ... More

democracy, Athenian  

M. H. Hansen

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Athenian democracy from 508/7 to 322/1 bce is the best known example in history of a ‘direct’ democracy as opposed to a ‘representative’ or ‘parliamentary’ form of democracy.Today democracy is ... More

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