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centuriation  

Michael Crawford

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A system of marking out the land in squares or rectangles, by means of limites, boundaries, normally prior to distribution in a colonial foundation. (The units above and below the centuria are ... More

Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi  

Martin Litchfield West

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi, Ἀγὼν Ὁμήρου καὶ Ἡσιόδου, abbreviation of Περὶ Ὁμήρου καὶ Ἡσιόδου καὶ τοῦ γένους καὶ ἀγῶνος αὐτῶν (‘On Homer and Hesiod, their Ancestry and Their contest’), title of an ... More

Chios  

D. Graham J. Shipley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An important *Ionian*polis on the large Aegean island of the same name (842 sq. km.: 325 sq. mi.), some 7 km. (4½ mi.) from Asia Minor. *Thucydides (2) calls it the greatest polis of Ionia and its ... More

Cleisthenes (2), Athenian politician  

Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Athenian politician, of the *Alcmaeonid family, son of *Megacles and Agariste, daughter of *Cleisthenes (1) of *Sicyon. He was archon under the tyrant *Hippias (1) in 525/4 bce, but later ... More

Cleon, Athenian politician  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cleon, Athenian politician, the son of a rich tanner. He was perhaps involved in the attacks on *Pericles (1) through his intellectual friends in the 430s bce, and in the opposition to Pericles’ ... More

clocks  

G. J. Toomer and Serafina Cuomo

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The usual instrument for telling time in antiquity was the sundial. This employed the shadow of a pointer (γνώμων) cast on a plane, spherical, or conical surface marked with lines indicating the ... More

Clodius Pulcher, Publius  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Youngest of six children of Apologia Socratis*Claudius Pulcher (2). He was born c.92 bce (since quaestor in 61). In 68 he incited the troops of his brother-in-law L. *Licinius Lucullus (2) to mutiny ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

colour, ancient perception of  

Ashley Clements

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
W. E. Gladstone's 19th-cent. philological studies of Greek colour terms led him to conclude that the Greeks suffered from defective vision (1858). More recently, in the wake of Berlin and ... More

Common Peace  

Timothy Thomas Bennett Ryder

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Common Peace (κοινὴ εἰρήνη), the phrase used by *Diodorus (3) Siculus, following *Ephorus, and by some contemporaries (though not by *Demosthenes (2), *Isocrates, or *Xenophon (1)) to ... More

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