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Cadmus  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Legendary Phoenician founder of Boeotian *Thebes (1), whose origins are still disputed: Phoenicia, Egypt, Mycenaean Greece, Archaic Greece, have all been proposed (see bibliog. below).In *Homer, he ... More

calendar, Roman  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The original Roman calendar supposedly consisted of ten months only, the later March–December, and would therefore have had an uncounted gap in the winter, between years (cf. Ov. Fast. 1. 27–44, with ... More

camels  

John Kinloch Anderson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Camels, long domesticated in Arabia and neighbouring lands, were unfamiliar in Anatolia in 546 bce when *Cyrus (1)'s baggage-camels terrified the Lydian horses (Hdt. 1. 80). These may have been ... More

canals  

Ernst Badian and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Canals (fossae, διώρυγες). Drainage and *irrigation canals were widely used in antiquity. The oldest, in Iraq, date to the sixth millennium bce, while in *Egypt they were in use from the fourth ... More

Carmen arvale  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Hymn sung during the sacrifice to *Dea Dia by the *fratres arvales (arval brethren). Although only recorded in an inscriptional copy of ce 218 (A. Gordon, Album of Dated Latin Inscriptions ... More

Carrhae  

Eric William Gray, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and R. J. van der Spek

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Carrhae (Akkadian Harran, Biblical Haran, mod. Harran, SE Turkey), a city of north *Mesopotamia about 40 km. (25 mi.) south-west of *Edessa, an ancient cult centre of the moon-god Sin. The temple of ... More

caryatides  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A Greek term for column-shafts carved in the form of draped women; male equivalents were called Atlantides (see atlas). Apparently named after Caryae in *Laconia, where virgins danced to *Artemis ... More

Celts  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A name applied by ancient writers to a population group occupying lands mainly north of the Mediterranean region from Galicia in the west to *Galatia in the east. (Its application to the Welsh, the ... More

censor  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
The title of one of a pair of senior Roman magistrates, elected by the centuriate assembly (see centuria) to hold office for eighteen months. Although they lacked *imperium and the right to an escort ... More

centuriation  

Michael Crawford

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A system of marking out the land in squares or rectangles, by means of limites, boundaries, normally prior to distribution in a colonial foundation. (The units above and below the centuria are ... More

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