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via Flaminia  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Via Flaminia, the great northern highway of Italy, built 220 bce by C. *Flaminius (1), when censor (Livy, Epit.20; reject Strabo 5. 217). It was 334 km. (209 mi.) long from Rome by way of *Narnia, ... More

vicomagistri  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Vicomagistri, officials of a *vicus, which was a miniature body politic, and was entitled to possess property, administer common funds, and appoint officials. These magistri or vicomagistri, who were ... More

vis  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Latin word, means neutrally ‘force’ and pejoratively ‘violence’. It is the latter sense that is treated here. For Greece see under violence.(a) Political Violence. Apart from the major non-violent ... More

vivisection  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Squeamishness about the dissection (let alone vivisection) of animals is a mark of much ancient medicine and zoology, and there is no firm evidence for vivisection in those Hippocratic works (see ... More

votum  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A vow. Both Greeks and Romans habitually made promises to gods, in order to persuade them to grant a favour stipulated in advance. If the gods fulfilled their part, the vow-maker fell under the ... More

wall of Aurelian  

Ian Archibald Richmond and Janet DeLaine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The city wall of Rome, constructed by *Aurelian in 271–5 ce in anticipation of a sudden barbarian inroad (SHA Aure. 21. 9, 39. 2; Aurel. Vict.Caes.35; Malalas, Chron. 12. 299), and completed by ... More

water  

Johan Harm Croon and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Water, in the mostly arid Mediterranean climate, by its local availability shaped patterns of settlement and, as erratic rainfall, determined harvest-fluctuations and food-shortages (see famine; food ... More

Zealots  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zealots, a Jewish political group in the 1st cent. ce. According to *Josephus the Zealots were one of the three factions who controlled *Jerusalem in the last years of the Jewish revolt against Rome ... More

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