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G. J. Toomer
John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and M. T. Griffin
Jonathan G. F. Powell
Cicero's surviving correspondence is an invaluable collection of evidence for his biography, for the history of the time, and for Roman social life. The sixteen books Ad familiares were published after Cicero's death by his freedman M. *Tullius Tiro. Cicero's letters to T. *Pomponius Atticus were preserved (without the replies) by the latter and seen by *Cornelius Nepos (Nep. Att. 16. 2–4, referring to a collection in 11 books). They were in circulation in the reign of Nero and later, but the silence of *Asconius suggests that they were not available to him. Our present collection Ad Atticum consists of sixteen books, probably an augmented version of the collection known to Nepos. We also have the smaller collections Ad Quintum fratrem (including the *Commentariolum petitionis) and Ad Brutum. Further collections of Cicero's letters apparently existed in antiquity. The Ad familiares collection contains, in addition to Cicero's own, letters from a variety of correspondents to him.
R. S. O. Tomlin
Valens, Roman emperor (364–78