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superstitio  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Superstitio, though perhaps originally implying a positive attitude, had become pejorative by the end of the 1st cent. bce. Superstition meant a free citizen's forgetting his dignity by throwing ... More

symbolon  

Robert J. Hopper and Paul C. Millett

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Symbolon, originally a physical object, intended as a material indication of identification or agreement. What may have begun as a private practice as a reminder of xenia or ritualized friendship ... More

symposium literature  

Oswyn Murray

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Three overlapping types may be distinguished: 1. Poetry produced for the *symposium: this includes most or all Archaic monodic lyric poetry and at least some choral lyric, and much of elegiac and ... More

Tarquinii  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tarquinii (Etr. Tarχ(u)na-; mod. Tarquiniaformerly Corneto), the chief of the twelve cities of Etruria, stood on a high plateau about 90 km. (56 mi.) from Rome and 6 km. (3½ mi.) inland; it was the ... More

Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius, king of Rome  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius, traditionally the last king of Rome (534–510 bce). According to the oldest sources (Q. *Fabius Pictor fr. 11 Peter) he was the son of *Tarquinius Priscus, although on the ... More

Tarsus  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tarsus, a native Cilician (see cilicia) town with a long prehistoric past, which later claimed *Triptolemus, *Perseus(1), and above all *Heracles as its founder. It was capital of the Cilician kings ... More

Thales of Miletus  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Thales of Miletus, the most scientific member of the *Seven Sages, was credited in antiquity with the prediction of a solar *eclipse (Hdt. 1. 74. 2) that modern scholars have dated in 585 bce. He was ... More

Thargelia  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A festival of *Apollo and held in Athens (7th of Thargelion, late May), some *Ionian cities, and their colonies; it belongs to the pre-colonial calendar (see colonization, greek; calendar, ... More

theft, Roman  

R. Zimmermann

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Roman Law
Theft (furtum), as its probable etymology suggests, was originally confined to cases involving a carrying away (ferre). But in the course of the republic, the notion was extended very considerably ... More

Themistocles, Athenian politician, c. 524–459 BCE  

Andrew Robert Burn and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Themistocles (c. 524–459 bce), Athenian politician, was a member of the ancient Lycomid family but by a non-Athenian mother. *Herodotus(1)'s informants accused him of corruption and said that in 480 ... More

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