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agōnes  

Stephen Instone and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
(1) The term agōn (ἀγών) and its derivatives can denote the informal and extempore competitive struggles and rivalries that permeated Greek life in the general fight for success and ... More

Akkadian  

Stephanie Dalley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(1) Term used until 1869 for the language now known as *Sumerian. (2) Term used since 1869 for the East Semitic language that is also known by its northern and southern dialects as Assyrian and ... More

Alaric  

Peter Heather

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Alaric, Gothic leader c. 395–410 ce who created the *Visigoths. By 408 he had united the Tervingi and Greuthungi who had crossed the Danube in 376 with survivors of Radagaisus' force which ... More

alliance, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Fundamentally, an agreement between states to fight together (symmachein) against a common enemy, so that the standard term is symmachia. Such alliances might be made either for a limited period or ... More

Ambrose, b. 340 CE  

Philip Rousseau

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Ambrose (Ambrosius), son of a praetorian prefect of Gaul, Ambrose was well educated and achieved official success under the patronage of the great prefects Sex. Claudius *Petronius Probus and Q. ... More

amnesty  

Stephen Todd

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
To propose or demand the recall of *exiles was common throughout the Greek world, and attempts by such exiles to recover confiscated property frequently provoked further strife (e.g. Xen. Hell. 5. 3. ... More

Anaximenes (1)  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaximenes (1), of *Miletus (traditional floruit 546–525 bce) followed in the footsteps of *Anaximander in composing a treatise in Ionian prose in which he developed a world system on the ... More

Anchises  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anchises, character in literature and mythology, son of Capys, father of *Aeneas, and member of the Trojan royal house. He does not appear in person in *Homer's Iliad, but the Homeric *Hymn to ... More

Anthesteria  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anthesteria, a festival of *Dionysus which despite its name (suggesting anthos, flower) was associated particularly with the new wine. It was celebrated in most Ionian communities, but details are ... More

Antipater (1), Macedonian statesman, 397?–319 BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Trusted lieutenant of *Philip (1) II, he represented the king at Athens in 346 and 338, and governed Macedon during the Danubian campaign of *Alexander (3) the Great (335). From 334 he acted as ... More

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