Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes
Timothy Thomas Bennett Ryder
Common Peace (κοινὴ εἰρήνη), the phrase used by *Diodorus (3) Siculus, following *Ephorus, and by some contemporaries (though not by *Demosthenes (2), *Isocrates, or *Xenophon (1)) to describe a series of peace-treaties in Greece in the 4th cent.
P. J. Rhodes
A Greek state was the community of its citizens, and at any rate the most important decisions were made by an assembly of the citizens. *democracies and *oligarchies differed not over that principle but over its application: how many of the free adult males were full citizens, entitled to participate in the assembly; which decisions were reserved for the assembly and which could be made by ‘the authorities’ (the magistrates and/or a council). The widespread principle of probouleusis, ‘prior consideration’ by a council of business for the assembly, provided further scope for variation. In democratic Athens the council (see