The Latin words corresponding most closely to the English ‘club’ are *collegium and sodalitas (see sodales). The former was the official title of the four great priestly colleges, *pontifices, ...
The Latin words corresponding most closely to the English ‘club’ are *collegium and sodalitas (see sodales). The former was the official title of the four great priestly colleges, *pontifices, *septemviri epulones, *quindecimviri sacris faciundis, and *augures, and the word had religious associations even when the object of the club was not primarily worship. Few, if any, collegia were completely secular. Some took their name from a deity or deities, e.g. *Diana et *Antinous (ILS 7212), *Aesculapius et Hygia (see hygieia) (ibid. 7213), *Hercules (ibid. 7315, etc. ), *Silvanus (ibid. 7317), and their members were styled cultores. Even when their name was not associated with a god, collegia often held their meetings in temples and their clubhouse (schola) might bear the name of a divinity (ILS 7218: Schola deae Minervae Aug.). The collegia illustrate the rule that all ancient societies from the family upwards had a religious basis.Less