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Areopagus  

Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Areopagus, the ‘Hill of Ares’ (Ἄρειος πάγος) at *Athens, north-west of the Acropolis, and the ancient council associated with it. There are no substantial remains on the hill; the council's ... More

Caesarea (2) in Palestine  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caesarea (2) in Palestine, under its original name of Strato's Tower (after a king of *Sidon), was captured by the *Hasmonean king Alexander Jannaeus in 103 bce, attached to the province of Syria by ... More

Chalcedon  

Alexander John Graham and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Megarian colony founded in 685 bce (so Euseb. Chron.) on the Asiatic side of the *Bosporus (1) opposite Byzantium (mod. Kadıköy). It was called the city of the blind (Hdt. 4. 144) because ... More

Constantinople  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Constantinople was founded by *Constantine I on the site of *Byzantium in 324 ce, shortly after his victory over *Licinius near by. There are hardly any sources before the 6th cent., and these are ... More

Tarsus  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tarsus, a native Cilician (see cilicia) town with a long prehistoric past, which later claimed *Triptolemus, *Perseus(1), and above all *Heracles as its founder. It was capital of the Cilician kings ... More

Thamugadi  

William Nassau Weech and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Thamugadi (modern Timgad, Algeria), a settlement in *Numidia 32 km. (20 mi.) east of *Lambaesis, is one of the few almost totally excavated towns in the Roman empire. Founded in 100ce by *Trajan as ... More

Thessalonica  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thessalonica, a city of *Macedonia, founded by *Cassander, who synoecized the small towns at the head of the Thermaic Gulf (see synoecism); perhaps on the site of Therme (Strabo 7 fr. 24). It was ... More

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