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abortion  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Abortion was controversial in antiquity. Doctors taking the Hippocratic Oath (see hippocrates (2)) swore not to administer abortifacients, but other Hippocratic texts suggest that prostitutes (see ... More

age  

Robert Garland

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The division of life into age-groups was prominently adhered to in antiquity, though there was considerable disagreement as to their precise identification. The Pythagorean philosophers (see ... More

agōgē  

Stephen Hodkinson and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Spartan public upbringing (never in fact so-called in surviving writers of the 5th and 4th cents. bce). Its reconstruction is bedevilled by poor and conflicting sources and modern debate over how ... More

Amazons  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amazons, mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to ... More

androgyny  

Luc Brisson

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In the modern use, “bisexuality” refers to sexual object choice, whereas “androgyny” refers to sexual identity. In ancient Greece and Rome, however, these terms sometimes refer to human ... More

Anyte  

Gilbert Highet and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anyte of *Tegea(fl. early 3rd cent. bc), an Arcadian poetess, much admired in her time and thereafter. About eighteen of her Doric epigrams, mostly funerary, are in the Greek Anthology, and one is ... More

Artemon (5), of Magnesia, Greek author  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Artemon (5), of Magnesia (date uncertain), author of a Famous Exploits of Women, from which *Sopater (2) made excerpts.

betrothal, Greek  

Gordon Willis Williams and Mark Golden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Greek betrothal, ἐγγύη, was a contract between two men, the groom and the bride's father (or other κύριος, ‘controller’, male representative at law) which established that a union was a fully valid ... More

betrothal, Roman sponsalia  

Gordon Willis Williams and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In the republic consisted of reciprocal sponsiones, and breach-of-promise actions (in the form of actions for damages) existed. The movement of classical Roman law was in the direction of ... More

body  

Helen King

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The history of the body is a discipline which emerged in the 1980s; it questions the extent to which the body is “natural,” and asks whether all societies have experienced the body in the ... More

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