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anti-Semitism, pagan  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Modern accounts of hostility to Jews in classical antiquity have often been complicated by a concern to relate pagan anti-Semitism to the anti-Judaism of some early Christians and to the history of ... More

Archelaus (4), son of Herod (1) and Augustan ethnarch  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archelaus (4), following the will left by his father *Herod (1), was appointed by Augustus ethnarch of the southern part of Herod's kingdom—*Judaea, *Samaria, and *Idumaea. Archelaus married ... More

Aristeas, Letter of  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Alexandrian Jewish narrative of the making of the Greek translation of the Law (Torah) for the library of *Ptolemy (1) II Philadelphus, at the instigation of his librarian, *Demetrius (3) of ... More

Aristobulus (2), Alexandrian Jewish author, c. 2nd half of 2nd cent. BCE  

William David Ross and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristobulus (2), an Alexandrian Jew (see alexandria), probably of the second half of the 2nd cent. bce, author of a commentary on the Pentateuch which is known only through quotations by *Clement of ... More

art, Jewish  

Steven Fine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Architecture, coinage, and funerary remains reflect distinctive Jewish modes of participation in the larger visual culture of the Graeco-Roman period. Jews tended to distance themselves from ... More

Babatha  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Babatha was a Jewish woman who lived in the province of *Arabia in the first half of the 2nd cent. ce. Her documents, composed in Nabataean, *Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek, were discovered ... More

Bar Kokhba  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Bar Kokhba, ‘son of a star’ in Aramaic, is the name given to the leader of the second Jewish revolt in Palestine (132–5ce), to whom was apparently applied by Rabbi Akiba the Messianic prophecy in ... More

Berenice (4), daughter of M. Iulius Agrippa I, b. 28 CE  

Edith Mary Smallwood and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Berenice (4) (b. 28 ce), daughter of M. *Iulius Agrippa I, was married to Marcus, brother of Ti. *Iulius Alexander in 41, and then in 46 to her uncle Herod, king of Chalcis. From his death (48) she ... More

Caesarea (2) in Palestine  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caesarea (2) in Palestine, under its original name of Strato's Tower (after a king of *Sidon), was captured by the *Hasmonean king Alexander Jannaeus in 103 bce, attached to the province of Syria by ... More

catacombs, Jewish  

Leonard V. Rutgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subterranean cemeteries comparable to the early Christian catacombs of Rome. Jewish catacombs have been discovered in Beth She‘arim (Galilee) (2nd–4th cents. ce) and Rome (1st–5th cents. ... More

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