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Actium  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Actium (Ἄκτιον), a flat sandy promontory at the entrance to the Ambracian Gulf, forming part of the territory of Anactorium, as well as the NW extremity of *Acarnania. A cult of Apollo was located ... More

Celts  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A name applied by ancient writers to a population group occupying lands mainly north of the Mediterranean region from Galicia in the west to *Galatia in the east. (Its application to the Welsh, the ... More

Clodius Pulcher, Publius  

Guy Edward Farquhar Chilver and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Youngest of six children of Apologia Socratis*Claudius Pulcher (2). He was born c.92 bce (since quaestor in 61). In 68 he incited the troops of his brother-in-law L. *Licinius Lucullus (2) to mutiny ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

cursus honorum  

T. Corey Brennan

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Down to the 3rd cent. bce there were perhaps few rules concerning the cursus honorum (career path) other than a requisite period of military service before seeking the political offices open to one's ... More

damnatio memoriae  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
After the deaths of persons deemed by the senate enemies of the state, measures to erase their memory might follow. Originally there was no set package, as the phrase implies (cf. Ulp.Dig. ... More

euergetism  

Antony Spawforth

Neologism of French scholarship (évergétisme, from εὐεργέτης, ‘benefactor’) to describe the socio-political phenomenon of voluntary gift-giving to the ancient community. Embracing the beneficence of ... More

family, Roman  

Susan M. Treggiari

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
English ‘family’ has connotations which have changed during its long history and vary according to context. Biologically, an individual human being is related to parents, through them to ... More

fasces  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Comprised bundles of rods, approximately 1.5 m. (5 ft.) long and of elm- or birchwood, and a single-headed axe; they were held together by red thongs and carried by *lictores. An iron set from a late ... More

Franks  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Franks (Franci), a Germanic people who conquered Gallia (*Gaul), and made it Francia (France). Their adoption of Gallo-Roman Catholic culture was the seed of French civilization and, hence, that of ... More

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