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amnesty  

Stephen Todd

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
To propose or demand the recall of *exiles was common throughout the Greek world, and attempts by such exiles to recover confiscated property frequently provoked further strife (e.g. Xen. Hell. 5. 3. ... More

archontes  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Archontes (‘rulers’), the general Greek term for all holders of office in a state. But the word was frequently used as the title of a particular office, originally at least the highest office of the ... More

Common Peace  

Timothy Thomas Bennett Ryder

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Common Peace (κοινὴ εἰρήνη), the phrase used by *Diodorus (3) Siculus, following *Ephorus, and by some contemporaries (though not by *Demosthenes (2), *Isocrates, or *Xenophon (1)) to ... More

decision-making, Greek  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
A Greek state was the community of its citizens, and at any rate the most important decisions were made by an assembly of the citizens. *democracies and *oligarchies differed not over that ... More

democracy, Athenian  

M. H. Hansen

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Athenian democracy from 508/7 to 322/1 bce is the best known example in history of a ‘direct’ democracy as opposed to a ‘representative’ or ‘parliamentary’ form of democracy.Today democracy is ... More

democracy, non-Athenian and post-Classical  

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Democracy or people's power (see demos) was not an Athenian monopoly or even invention. (See democracy, Athenian.) The Archaic Spartan constitutional document (rhētra) preserved in Plutarch Lycurgus ... More

euthyna, euthynai  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Euthyna, euthynai (‘straightening’), the examination of accounts which every public official underwent on expiry of his office. At Athens the examination fell into two parts, the logos (‘account’), ... More

helots  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Some Greek states had servile populations which were not privately owned chattel-slaves or douloi (see slavery), but, because their status seemed superior in important respects, came to be ... More

infanticide  

Robert Sallares

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Infanticide, killing of infants (ἔκθεσις, expositio, ‘putting outside’, probably a euphemism), a method of family limitation. The term as generally used by historians also covers exposure of infants, ... More

isonomia, 'equality of law'  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Seems, along with other compounds of iso-, to have been a prominent term in Greek political discourse in the late 6th and early 5th cents. bce. *Herodotus(1) uses isonomia in his Persian debate to ... More

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