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Anchises  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Anchises, character in literature and mythology, son of Capys, father of *Aeneas, and member of the Trojan royal house. He does not appear in person in *Homer's Iliad, but the Homeric *Hymn to ... More

calendar, Roman  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The original Roman calendar supposedly consisted of ten months only, the later March–December, and would therefore have had an uncounted gap in the winter, between years (cf. Ov. Fast. 1. 27–44, with ... More

Carmen arvale  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Hymn sung during the sacrifice to *Dea Dia by the *fratres arvales (arval brethren). Although only recorded in an inscriptional copy of ce 218 (A. Gordon, Album of Dated Latin Inscriptions ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

flamines  

John North

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Flamines, Roman priests within the college of the *pontifices. There were three major, twelve minor flamines, each of them assigned to the worship of a single deity, though this did not preclude ... More

ghosts  

Esther Eidinow

Identifying a ghost in Greek literature and distinguishing it from what we might call a delusion or a supernatural entity can sometimes pose difficulties: *Homer tends to use the term ... More

Julian 'the Apostate', Roman emperor  

Rowland Smith

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Julian ‘the Apostate’ (Iulianus, Flavius Claudius), emperor 361–3 ce, was born at *Constantinople in 331, the son of a half-brother of *Constantine I, Julius Constantius. After his father's murder in ... More

Laocoön  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Laocoön, a Trojan prince, brother of *Anchises and priest of *Apollo Thymbraeus or *Poseidon. Of his story as told by *Arctinus (Iliu Persis; see epic cycle), *Bacchylides, and *Sophocles (Laocoön), ... More

magic  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Antiquity does not provide clear-cut definitions of what was understood by magic and there is a variety of terms referring to its different aspects. The Greek terms that lie at the roots of the ... More

manes  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman spirits of the dead; probably a euphemism from old Latin manus (‘good’): P. Kretschmer, Einleitung in die Geschichte der griechischen Sprache (1896), 197 n. 4, Latte, RR 99 n. 3. The singular ... More

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