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acta  

John Percy Vyvian Dacre Balsdon and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Roman Law
Acta means ‘the things that have been done’ and has two specialized, overlapping senses in Roman history; one is a gazette, the other is official acts, especially of an emperor.The Acta diurna were a ... More

censor  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
The title of one of a pair of senior Roman magistrates, elected by the centuriate assembly (see centuria) to hold office for eighteen months. Although they lacked *imperium and the right to an escort ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

conventus  

Graham Burton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Conventus, ‘assembly’, is technically used(1) for associations of Italians abroad;(2) for provincial assizes.(1) By the early 2nd cent. bce Italians (especially in the east) united for religious and ... More

cursus honorum  

T. Corey Brennan

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Down to the 3rd cent. bce there were perhaps few rules concerning the cursus honorum (career path) other than a requisite period of military service before seeking the political offices open to one's ... More

fasces  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Comprised bundles of rods, approximately 1.5 m. (5 ft.) long and of elm- or birchwood, and a single-headed axe; they were held together by red thongs and carried by *lictores. An iron set from a late ... More

freedmen, freedwomen  

M. I. Finley and Susan M. Treggiari

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Emancipated slaves were more prominent in Roman society (little is known of other Italian societies before their enfranchisement) than in Greek city-states or Hellenistic kingdoms (see slavery). In ... More

infamia  

Barry Nicholas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Infamia as a legal term embraces a variable number of disabilities (the common one being an incapacity to act or appear for another at law—postulare pro aliis) imposed in a ... More

interrex  

Andrew Drummond

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Under the Roman republic, if both *consuls died or left office (together with the remaining ‘patrician' magistrates) without successors appointed, the ‘auspices reverted to the ‘patres’. ... More

ius Latii  

Andrew Dominic Edwards Lewis

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Roman Law
Ius Latii, the Latin right, refers primarily to the legal status of those Latins (see latini) who after 338 bce shared the right of marriage (conubium) and commerce (*commercium) with Romans. Latins ... More

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