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Anaximenes (1)  

Charles H. Kahn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Anaximenes (1), of *Miletus (traditional floruit 546–525 bce) followed in the footsteps of *Anaximander in composing a treatise in Ionian prose in which he developed a world system on the ... More

atomism  

Catherine Osborne

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Atomism, a term used of theories that posit the existence of small indivisible particles as the ultimate components of matter. The Greek term atomon, used by some ancient philosophers to ... More

colour, ancient perception of  

Ashley Clements

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
W. E. Gladstone's 19th-cent. philological studies of Greek colour terms led him to conclude that the Greeks suffered from defective vision (1858). More recently, in the wake of Berlin and ... More

Diogenes (2), 'the Cynic', c. 412/403–c. 324/321 BCE  

J. L. Moles

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
The general distortions in the ancient traditions about Cynicism (‘doggishness’) multiply in the case of Diogenes. Ancient and modern reactions range from appreciation of his wit to admiration for ... More

education, Greek  

Frederick Arthur George Beck and Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Greek ideas of education (paideia), whether theoretical or practical, encompassed upbringing and cultural training in the widest sense, not merely schooling and formal education. The poets were ... More

Epictetus, mid-1st–2nd cent. CE  

Brad Inwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Epictetus (mid-1st to 2nd cent. ce), Stoic philosopher from Hierapolis in Phrygia; in early life a slave of *Epaphroditus (1) in Rome. Eventually freed by his master, he studied with *Musonius Rufus. ... More

eudaimonism  

Sarah Broadie

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
An approach to ethics that focuses primarily on eudaimonia (variously translated ‘happiness’, ‘flourishing’, ‘well being’, and generally understood as the highest human good). For eudaimonists the ... More

Megarian school  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
The Socratic school of philosophy founded by *Euclides(1) of *Megara in the early 4th cent. bce. Its last known head, *Stilpon, died about a century later. Its preoccupations ... More

Peripatetic school  

David John Furley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
The name belongs to a series of philosophers of whom *Aristotle was the first and by far the most significant. Geographically the school was located in a sanctuary dedicated to *Apollo, called the ... More

Sceptics  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosophers who hold no doctrine and suspend judgement on everything. The label σκεπτικός (‘inquirer’, but used with the implicit understanding that the inquiry does not end) was introduced in the ... More

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