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Actium  

W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Actium (Ἄκτιον), a flat sandy promontory at the entrance to the Ambracian Gulf, forming part of the territory of Anactorium, as well as the NW extremity of *Acarnania. A cult of Apollo was located ... More

Adriatic Sea  

Max Cary and W. M. Murray

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Adriatic Sea (Gk. ὁ Ἀδρίας; Lat. Mare adriaticum or superum), used as an alternative to ‘*Ionian Sea’ for the waters between the Balkan peninsula and Italy, and like ‘Ionian’, sometimes extended to ... More

Aetna (1), volcano of Sicily  

Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aetna (1), Europe's highest active volcano (3,326 m. (10,912 ft.) in 1966), lying between *Tauromenium and *Catana in eastern Sicily. The lower slopes are remarkably fertile, principally today in ... More

Aquitania  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A name originally applied to the area bounded by the Garonne, the Pyrenees, and the bay of Biscay. The Aquitani are described as differing from the other Gauls in speech, customs, and physique, and ... More

Aulis  

John Buckler

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Small Greek city near *Tanagra, on a rocky peninsula between two bays. Its most famous monument is the temple of Artemis and its neighbouring buildings. The best harbour in northern *Boeotia, Aulis ... More

Bactria  

Pierre Briant and Amélie Kuhrt

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Enormous region lying (roughly) between the *Oxus (Amu-Darya) to the north and the Hindu Kush to the south; the term occasionally also includes Sogdiana to the north (Tadjikistan/Uzbekistan). The ... More

Brundisium  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Brundisium (mod. Brindisi), a *Messapian city on the Adriatic coast, and an important harbour. Source-traditions of foundation by *Diomedes (2) or Phalanthus, or of Cretan colonists, probably do not ... More

Chios  

D. Graham J. Shipley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
An important *Ionian*polis on the large Aegean island of the same name (842 sq. km.: 325 sq. mi.), some 7 km. (4½ mi.) from Asia Minor. *Thucydides (2) calls it the greatest polis of Ionia and its ... More

Dacia  

Max Cary and John Wilkes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Dacia was situated in the loop of the lower Danube (see danuvius), consisting mainly of the plateau of Transylvania, but extending in a wider sense eastwards to the Sereth and north to the Vistula. ... More

harbours  

Philip de Souza

The earliest man-made harbour facilities in the Mediterranean region were the riverside quays of Mesopotamia and Egypt, for which records go back to at least the second millennium bce. Maritime ... More

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