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Aretas  

J. F. Healey

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aretas, the name of several kings of the *Nabataeans (Nabataean Aramaic form ḥrtt). reigned in the early 2nd cent. bce (c.168). (c.120–96 bce, possibly = the Arab king ... More

Carthage, history  

William Nassau Weech, Brian Herbert Warmington, and R. J. A. Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Carthage (Qrtḥdšt ( = ‘New Town’); Καρχήδων; Carthago), a *Phoenician colony and later a major Roman city on the coast of NE Tunisia.According to tradition (Timaeus, FGrH 566 fr. 60) Carthage was ... More

Chaeremon (2), of Alexandria (1), Greek author, 1st cent. CE  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Chaeremon of *Alexandria (1), where he held a priesthood: Greek writer on Egypt. He taught the young *Nero. His writings treated Egyptian history, religion, customs, astrology, and ... More

Cleopatra VII, 69–30 BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Cleopatra VII (69–30 bce), the final and best known of the Ptolemies, was daughter of *Ptolemy (1) XII (Auletes). On the latter's death in 51 she became queen, alone at first and subsequently with ... More

Iulius Philippus, Marcus  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Iulius Philippus, Marcus, Roman emperor 244–9 ce. An Arabian from Shahbā (SE of *Damascus), he became praetorian prefect of *Gordian III and, early in 244, succeeded him as emperor. After ... More

Mithradates  

B. C. McGing

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Persian name borne most famously by six of the eight Hellenistic kings of *Pontus in Asia Minor. Later sources reported a noble ancestry for the royal line—*Cyrus(1), *Darius(1), and *Alexander(3) ... More

Ptolemy(1), name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt  

Dorothy J. Thompson, Albert Brian Bosworth, Theodore John Cadoux, and Ernst Badian

The name of all the Macedonian kings of Egypt.(‘Saviour’) (c. 367–282 bce) son of Lagus and Arsinoë, served *Alexander (3) the Great of Macedon as an experienced general and childhood friend. At Susa ... More

Quinctilius Varus, Publius  

Ronald Syme and Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Publius Quinctilius Varus, of a patrician family that had been of no importance for centuries. He owed his career to the favour of *Augustus. He was consul 13 bce with the future emperor *Tiberius; ... More

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