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Attalus I, 269–197 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Attalus I (269–197 bce), ruler of *Pergamum (241–197), the first Pergamene to use the royal title. Cousin and adopted son of *Eumenes (1) I, Attalus expanded and consolidated his kingdom through ... More

Attalus II, 220–138 BCE  

R. M. Errington

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Attalus II (220–138 bce), king of *Pergamum (158–138), second son of *Attalus I, called ‘Philadelphus’ (‘Brother-loving’). Attalus served under his brother *Eumenes (2) II as loyal general against ... More

Ctesias  

Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ctesias of Cnidus was a doctor at the court of Artaxerxes II and the author of a history of Persia and other works. He seems to have studied, and possibly practised, medicine at Cnidus. The exact ... More

Evagoras, c. 435–374/373 BCE  

Donald Ernest Wilson Wormell and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Evagoras (Εὐαγόρας, c. 435–374/3 bce), an interesting and important figure in Greek, Persian, and Cypriot history. He was a member of the Teucrid house (cf. Tod 194), the traditional rulers of ... More

Fratarakā, Sub-Seleucid Dynasty in Persis  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Shortly after his reconquest of Babylonia in 312bce, Seleucus, a former general of Alexander the Great, was able to conquer the Achaemenid heartland of Persis (Fars), and in the second ... More

Ptolemy(1), name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt  

Dorothy J. Thompson, Albert Brian Bosworth, Theodore John Cadoux, and Ernst Badian

The name of all the Macedonian kings of Egypt.(‘Saviour’) (c. 367–282 bce) son of Lagus and Arsinoë, served *Alexander (3) the Great of Macedon as an experienced general and childhood friend. At Susa ... More

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